Maize, (Corn), is the most abundantly produced cereal in the world. It is grown in every continent except Antarctica. About 50 species exist and consist of different colors, textures, and grain shapes and sizes. White, yellow, and red are the most common cultivated maize types. The white and yellow varieties are preferred by most people depending on the region. Maize, which was domesticated in central Mexico around 1500 BC, was introduced into Africa around 1500 AD, and spread to every corner of the continent within a relatively short period and is now Pakistan most important cereal crop.

Maize is one of the major crops in Pakistan and accounts for 8.5% of the total cereal cropped area, 2.2% to the value-added in agriculture, and 0.4% to GDP. Maize is used for food and feed for animals.

Maize being the highest yielding cereal crop in the world is of significant importance for countries like Pakistan, where rapidly increasing population, feed and fodder demand have already out stripped the available food, feed and fodder supplies. Maize in Pakistan is cultivated as multipurpose food and forage crop, generally by resource poor farmers using marginal land. Maize is currently the leading world cereal both in terms of production and productivity. In Pakistan, it is the third most important cereal after wheat and rice. Maize is an important crop in Pakistan in terms of its food for human, feed for poultry and fodder for livestock utilization and as a raw material for the industry. Maize fodder can safely be fed at all stages of plant growth without danger of prussic acid, oxalic acid or ergot poisoning. Maize is the most suitable for silage and is called the king of crops for silage.


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